Tesla Quote


Radar Basics

Radars send out short pulses (bursts) of electromagnetic wave fields. The pulses bounce off particles in the atmosphere and return back to the radar dish. A computer processes the returned signals and, through algorithms, can make conclusions about what kinds of particles it “saw,” including the speed of motion (the Doppler effect) towards or away from the radar. Non-polarimetric Doppler radars (including the NOAA radars before polarimetric upgrade) transmit horizontally polarized electromagnetic waves, which only give a measure of the horizontal dimension of the cloud particles (snow, ice pellets, hail and rain). This one-dimensional picture makes it difficult to tell the difference between precipitation types.

Dual-Pol Technology

With dual-pol technology, the picture becomes two-dimensional because the radar sends both horizontally and vertically polarized electromagnetic waves. As these perpendicular fields bounce off an object and are received back at the radar, a computer program separately processes information about the horizontal and vertical dimension of the particles. This cross-section now gives forecasters a measure of the size and shape of the object.

Research to Operations

NSSL scientists helped develop the Weather Surveillance Radar - 1988 Doppler (WSR-88D) radars, also known as NEXt-generation RADar (NEXRAD). Since the first Doppler weather radar became operational in Norman in 1974, NSSL has worked to extend its functionality and effectiveness, and proved to the NOAA National Weather Service (NWS) that Doppler weather radar was a crucial forecasting tool. The NWS now has a network of 158 NEXRADs.

NSSL continues to develop and improve algorithms that detect and notify forecasters of hail, severe thunderstorms, tornadic circulations, downbursts and gust fronts. Research to operations activities also include developing and improving signal processing techniques.



A NEXRAD site consumes approximately 50.8 kilowatts of energy. That includes the air conditioners and/or heaters to control the temperature of the hardware. The transmitter itself takes 15 kilowatts--roughly the same amount as 13 clothes irons.

NEXRAD radar draws its power from the normal power grid. However, it has a very robust UPS system to keep the radar operating even in the event of a loss of power. Imagine if the radar stopped operating because of the storm it was monitoring knocking out its power!


Klystron, NOAA

Although a NEXRAD site consumes about 50.8 kilowatts of power, the klystron (pictured to the left) is a special (and expensive) unit responsible for converting standard commercial power to the 750,000 watts of coherent energy that is transmitted in each pulse. It consumes 7.5 watts, gets hit with 47,000 volts, and amplifies it into the 750,000 watts needed for each pulse. The klystron takes the place of the magnetron used in older radar systems.


The peak effective power of a NEXRAD site is, as mentioned above, 750 kilowatts. However, the transmitter is only active between 0.05% and 6.1% of the time. As mentioned in the brief introduction the radar is only transmitting for about 7 seconds out of each hour--or 0.19% of the time. As such, the average output power of a NEXRAD site is 0.0019 * 750,000 = 1458 watts. The specifications put the average output power is 1300 watts. In reality, the exact average output power depends on the mode in which the radar is operating.

The width of the beam is directly proportional to the distance from the dish based on the calculation Width (in feet) = Distance (in miles) X 100.82. Essentially, the width of the beam increases by 100.82 feet for each mile the distance to the radar increases. Thus at 5 miles, the beam width would be 5 x 100.82 = 504.1 feet. The table to the right shows the beam width at 50 mile intervals.

Of course, not all the energy is contained within the focused beam. Outside the beam, as defined by the "1/2 power points," there is still some amount of energy, but it quickly tapers off. Sidelobe energy is energy emitted directly from the dish in directions other than that of the intended beam. This results in false returns from nearby targets, though the returns are so weak that they generally do not affect the performance of the radar

NEXRAD uses pulse repetition frequencies of between 318 and 1304 pulses per second, which translates to pulse repetition times of between 3.144 milliseconds and .766 milliseconds (766 microseconds). Therefore, the range of NEXRAD is between 471.6km and 114.9km




What is Level II Radar Data?

There are two different sets of data that NEXRAD sites put out. One is named NIDS and one is named Level II data. There are many advantages to Level II produced radar images. Level II, for example, are shown with 128 colors instead of 15 providing more detail in intensity. This allows the ability to delineate certain phenomena (e.g. gust fronts, hook echoes) that are sometimes hard to see using NIDS data.dish The Level II data is available in 0.5 dBZ increments, while NIDS reflectivity data is only available in 5.0 dBZ increments. This lower precision in the NIDS data causes large errors in any estimates of precipitation and precipitation rate.

Base Reflectivity, Base Velocity & Spectrum Width

  • Base Reflectivity is one of the basic quantities that Doppler radar measures. Color intensity corresponds to the amount of radiation that is scattered or reflected back to the radar by whatever targets are located in the radar beam at a given location. These targets can be hydrometeors (snow, rain drops, hail, cloud drops or ice particles) or other targets (dust, smoke, birds, airplanes, insects).
  • Base Velocity is the average radial velocity of the targets in the radar beam at a given location. Radial velocity is the relationship between the target's motion and the direction of the radar beam. Positive values (warm colors) denote out-bound velocities that are moving away from the radar. Negative values (cool colors) are in-bound velocities that are moving towards the radar.
  • Base Spectrum Width is a measure of velocity dispersion within the radar sample volume. The primary use of this product is to estimate turbulence associated with mesocyclones and boundaries.


Transmitter characteristics:

  • Type: S-band, coherent chain (STALO/COHO), line modulator, klystron tube amplifier (53 dB gain typical)
  • Frequency: 2700 to 3000 MHz
  • Power: 750 kw peak at klystron output
  • Transmitter to antenna loss: site dependent, 2 dB typical
  • Average Power: 300 to 1300 watts
  • Pulse Widths: 1.57 and 4.71 microseconds (-6 dB points)
  • PRF short pulse: 318 to 1304 Hz
  • PRF long pulse: 318 to 452 Hz
  • Phase noise (system): phase and amplitude stability better than -57 dBc, -60 dBc system goal
  • Short pulse output spectrum: -40 dB BW is 12.4 MHz, (-80 dB at +/- 62 MHz), -80 dB at +/- 19.6 MHz for congested areas(congested areas require transmitter output bandpass filter)

Antenna/Pedestal characteristics:

  • Type: center fed paraboloid of revolution 28 feet in diameter
  • Polarization: linear horizontal
  • Gain at 2850 MHz: 45.5 dB (including radome loss)
  • Beamwidth at 2850 MHz: 0.925 deg
  • First sidelobe: -29 dB (others less than -40 dB beyond 10 deg)
  • Radome: fiberglass foam sandwich frequency tuned, 39 foot truncated sphere
  • Radome two way loss: 0.24 dB at 2850 MHz




Pedestal Function Azimuth Elevation
Steerability 360 deg -1 to +45 deg
Normal Scan 360 deg +0.5 to +19.5
Max rotation rate 30 deg/sec 30 deg/sec
15 deg/sec2 15 deg/sec2
Mechanical Limits 360 deg -1 to +60 deg
Positioning Error (max) +/-0.2 +/-0.2
Pedestal Type: Elevation over Azimuth    






  • Type: Coherent (stalo/coho), first downconvert to IF
  • Detection: digital IF with 14 bit analog to digital conversion of IF signal at 72 MHz
  • Digital Matched Filter BW: 605 kHz, short pulse, 200 kHz, long pulse
  • dynamic Range: 93 dB minimum required
  • Intermediate Frequency: 57.55 MHz
  • System noise figure: 4.6 dB (540 Kelvin)
  • Receiver Noise: -113 dBm ref to antenna
  • Front end interference rejection filter: 0.5 dB BW: 700 kHz, 30 dB BW: 50 MHz, 60 dB BW: 200 MHz
  • Optional interference detection, log amplifier based

Signal Processor

  • Signal processor is PC based, with a Linux operating system
  • Clutter filters: spectral filter, clutter coefficient removal and weather component restoration
  • Batch Mode Filtering: DC removal for overlaid echoes in Surveillance Mode
  • range increment: 250 m
  • azimuth increment: 1 deg and 0.5 deg, operator selectable


The RPG (Radar Products Generator) takes base data (reflectivity, velocity, and spectrum width) from the RDA and generates user-requested meteorological and hydrological products.

Reflectivity Base Product Velocity Base Product
  • Reflectivity computation: linear average return power
  • Reflectivity estimate standard deviation: less than 1 dB typical
  • Number of pulses averaged: 6 to 64
  • range increment: 1000 m
  • azimuth increment: 1 deg
  • Max range for reflectivity: 460 km
  • velocity computation: complex covariance argument (pulse pair estimator)
  • velocity estimate standard deviation: less than 1 m/sec (at spectrum width of 4 m/sec)
  • number of pulses averaged: 40 to 200
  • range increment: 250 m
  • azimuth increment: 1 deg
  • max range for velocity: 230 km


Signal Detection Capabilities (at 0 dB SNR)

Signal Description Signal Parameters
Minimum required signal detection, short pulse -7.5dBZe at 50 km
Typical Dectection (for Ze=200*R1.6) -10 dBZe at 50 km (rainfall of 0.01mm/hr)
Minimum required signal detection, long pulse -23.0dBZe at 25 km
Point target detection RCS = 4 cm2 at 100 km




International Civil Aviation Organization airport code

The ICAO airport code or location indicator is a four-character alphanumeric code designating each airport around the world. These codes are defined by the International Civil Aviation Organization, and published in ICAO Document 7910: Location Indicators are used by air traffic control and airline operations such as flight planning. They differ from IATA codes, which are generally used for airline timetables, reservations, and baggage tags. For example, the IATA code for London's Heathrow Airport is LHR and its ICAO code is EGLL. Most travelers usually see the IATA code on baggage tags and tickets and the ICAO code is used among other things by pilots, air traffic control and flight-tracking services such as FlightAware. In general IATA codes are usually derived from the name of the airport or the city it serves, while ICAO codes are distributed by region and country.

ICAO codes are also used to identify other aviation facilities such as weather stations, International Flight Service Stations or Area Control Centers, whether or not they are located at airports.

List of NEXRAD WSR-88D sites and their coordinates.

  City or Place Name ICAO Coordinates
PR San Juan TJUA 18.1155998°N 66.0780644°W
ME Lor­ing AFB KCBW 46.0391944°N 67.8066033°W
ME Port­land KGYX 43.8913555°N 70.2565545°W
VT Burling­ton KCXX 44.5109941°N 73.166424°W
MA Boston KBOX 41.9558919°N 71.1369681°W
NY Albany KENX 42.5865699°N 74.0639877°W
NY Bing­ham­ton KBGM 42.1997045°N 75.9847015°W
NY Buf­falo KBUF 42.9488055°N 78.7369108°W
NY Mon­tague KTYX 43.7556319°N 75.6799918°W
NY New York City KOKX 40.8655093°N 72.8638548°W
DE Dover AFB KDOX 38.8257651°N 75.4400763°W
PA Philadel­phia KDIX 39.9470885°N 74.4108027°W
PA Pitts­burgh KPBZ 40.5316842°N 80.2179515°W
PA State Col­lege KCCX 40.9228521°N 78.0038738°W
WV Charleston KRLX 38.3110763°N 81.7229015°W
VA Norfolk/Richmond KAKQ 36.9840475°N 77.007342°W
VA Roanoke KFCX 37.0242098°N 80.2736664°W
VA Ster­ling KLWX 38.9753957°N 77.4778444°W
NC More­head City KMHX 34.7759313°N 76.8762571°W
NC Raleigh/Durham KRAX 35.6654967°N 78.4897855°W
NC Wilm­ing­ton KLTX 33.9891631°N 78.4291059°W
SC Charleston KCLX 32.6554866°N 81.0423124°W
SC Colum­bia KCAE 33.9487579°N 81.1184281°W
SC Greer KGSP 34.8833435°N 82.2200757°W
GA Atlanta KFFC 33.3635771°N 84.565866°W
GA Moody AFB KVAX 30.8903853°N 83.0019021°W
GA Robins AFB KJGX 32.6755239°N 83.3508575°W
FL Eglin AFB KEVX 30.5649908°N 85.921559°W
FL Jack­sonville KJAX 30.4846878°N 81.7018917°W
FL Key West KBYX 24.5974996°N 81.7032355°W
FL Mel­bourne KMLB 28.1131808°N 80.6540988°W
FL Miami KAMX 25.6111275°N 80.412747°W
FL Tal­la­has­see KTLH 30.397568°N 84.3289116°W
FL Tampa KTBW 27.7054701°N 82.40179°W
AL Birm­ing­ham KBMX 33.1722806°N 86.7698425°W
AL Fort Rucker KEOX 31.4605622°N 85.4592401°W
AL Huntsville KHTX 34.930508°N 86.0837388°W
AL Maxwell AFB KMXX 32.5366608°N 85.7897848°W
AL Mobile KMOB 30.6795378°N 88.2397816°W
MS Brandon/Jackson KDGX 32.2797358°N 89.9846309°W
MS Colum­bus AFB KGWX 33.8967796°N 88.3293915°W
TN Knoxville/Tri Cities KMRX 36.168538°N 83.401779°W
TN Mem­phis KNQA 35.3447802°N 89.8734534°W
TN Nashville KOHX 36.2472389°N 86.5625185°W
KY Fort Camp­bell KHPX 36.7368894°N 87.2854328°W
KY Jack­son KJKL 37.590762°N 83.313039°W
KY Louisville KLVX 37.9753058°N 85.9438455°W
KY Pad­u­cah KPAH 37.0683618°N 88.7720257°W
OH Wilm­ing­ton KILN 39.5083314°N 83.8176925°W
OH Cleve­land KCLE 41.4131875°N 81.8597451°W
MI Detroit/Pontiac KDTX 42.6999677°N 83.471809°W
MI Gay­lord KAPX 44.907106°N 84.719817°W
MI Grand Rapids KGRR 42.893872°N 85.5449206°W
MI Mar­quette KMQT 46.5311443°N 87.5487131°W
IN Evans­ville KVWX 38.2603901°N 87.7246553°W
IN Indi­anapo­lis KIND 39.7074962°N 86.2803675°W
IN North Web­ster KIWX 41.3586356°N 85.7000488°W
IL Chicago KLOT 41.6044264°N 88.084361°W
IL Lin­coln KILX 40.150544°N 89.336842°W
WI Green Bay KGRB 44.4984644°N 88.111124°W
WI La Crosse KARX 43.822766°N 91.1915767°W
WI Mil­wau­kee KMKX 42.9678286°N 88.5506335°W
MN Duluth KDLH 46.8368569°N 92.2097433°W
MN Minneapolis/St. Paul KMPX 44.8488029°N 93.5654873°W
IA Dav­en­port KDVN 41.611556°N 90.5809987°W
IA Des Moines KDMX 41.7311788°N 93.7229235°W
MO Kansas City KEAX 38.8102231°N 94.2644924°W
MO Spring­field KSGF 37.235223°N 93.4006011°W
MO St. Louis KLSX 38.6986863°N 90.682877°W
AR Fort Smith KSRX 35.2904423°N 94.3619075°W
AR Lit­tle Rock KLZK 34.8365261°N 92.2621697°W
LA Fort Polk KPOE 31.1556923°N 92.9762596°W
LA Lake Charles KLCH 30.125382°N 93.2161188°W
LA New Orleans KLIX 30.3367133°N 89.8256618°W
LA Shreve­port KSHV 32.450813°N 93.8412774°W
TX Amar­illo KAMA 35.2334827°N 101.7092478°W
TX Austin/San Antonio KEWX 29.7039802°N 98.028506°W
TX Brownsville KBRO 25.9159979°N 97.4189526°W
TX Cor­pus Christi KCRP 27.7840203°N 97.511234°W
TX Dallas/Ft. Worth KFWS 32.5730186°N 97.3031911°W
TX Dyess AFB KDYX 32.5386009°N 99.2542863°W
TX El Paso KEPZ 31.8731115°N 106.697942°W
TX Fort Hood KGRK 30.7217637°N 97.3829627°W
TX Houston/Galveston KHGX 29.4718835°N 95.0788593°W
TX Laugh­lin AFB KDFX 29.2730823°N 100.2802312°W
TX Lub­bock KLBB 33.6541242°N 101.814149°W
TX Midland/Odessa KMAF 31.9433953°N 102.1894383°W
TX San Angelo KSJT 31.3712815°N 100.4925227°W
OK Fred­er­ick KFDR 34.3620014°N 98.9766884°W
OK Okla­homa City KTLX 35.3333873°N 97.2778255°W
OK Nor­man (Testbed) No Lv III 35.2358°N 97.4622°W
OK Tulsa KINX 36.1750977°N 95.5642802°W
OK Vance AFB KVNX 36.7406166°N 98.1279409°W
KS Dodge City KDDC 37.7608043°N 99.9688053°W
KS Good­land KGLD 39.3667737°N 101.7004341°W
KS Topeka KTWX 38.996998°N 96.232618°W
KS Wichita KICT 37.6545724°N 97.4431461°W
NE Grand Island/Hastings KUEX 40.320966°N 98.4418559°W
NE North Platte KLNX 41.9579623°N 100.5759609°W
NE Omaha KOAX 41.3202803°N 96.3667971°W
SD Aberdeen KABR 45.4558185°N 98.4132046°W
SD Rapid City KUDX 44.1248485°N 102.8298157°W
SD Sioux Falls KFSD 43.5877467°N 96.7293674°W
ND Bis­marck KBIS 46.7709329°N 100.7605532°W
ND Grand Forks (Mayville) KMVX 47.5279417°N 97.3256654°W
ND Minot AFB KMBX 48.39303°N 100.8644378°W
MT Billings KBLX 45.8537632°N 108.6068165°W
MT Glas­gow KGGW 48.2064536°N 106.6252971°W
MT Great Falls KTFX 47.4595023°N 111.3855368°W
MT Mis­soula KMSX 47.0412971°N 113.9864373°W
WY Cheyenne KCYS 41.1519308°N 104.8060325°W
WY River­ton KRIW 43.0660779°N 108.4773731°W
CO Den­ver KFTG 39.7866156°N 104.5458126°W
CO Grand Junc­tion KGJX 39.0619824°N 108.2137012°W
CO Pueblo KPUX 38.4595034°N 104.1816223°W
NM Albu­querque KABX 35.1497579°N 106.8239576°W
NM Can­non AFB KFDX 34.6341569°N 103.6186427°W
NM Hol­lo­man AFB KHDX 33.0768844°N 106.1200923°W
AZ Flagstaff KFSX 34.574449°N 111.198367°W
AZ Phoenix KIWA 33.289111°N 111.6700092°W
AZ Tuc­son KEMX 31.8937186°N 110.6304306°W
AZ Yuma KYUX 32.4953477°N 114.6567214°W
UT Cedar City KICX 37.5931771°N 112.8637719°W
UT Salt Lake City KMTX 41.2627795°N 112.4480081°W
ID Boise KCBX 43.4902104°N 116.2360436°W
ID Pocatello/Idaho Falls KSFX 43.1055967°N 112.6860487°W
NV Elko KLRX 40.7396933°N 116.8025529°W
NV Las Vegas KESX 35.7012894°N 114.8918277°W
NV Reno KRGX 39.7541931°N 119.4620597°W
CA Beale AFB KBBX 39.4956958°N 121.6316557°W
CA Edwards AFB KEYX 35.0979358°N 117.5608832°W
CA Eureka KBHX 40.4986955°N 124.2918867°W
CA Los Ange­les KVTX 34.4116386°N 119.1795641°W
CA Sacra­mento KDAX 38.5011529°N 121.6778487°W
CA San Diego KNKX 32.9189891°N 117.041814°W
CA San Fran­cisco KMUX 37.155152°N 121.8984577°W
CA San Joaquin Valley KHNX 36.3142088°N 119.6320903°W
CA Santa Ana Mountains KSOX 33.8176452°N 117.6359743°W
CA Van­den­berg AFB KVBX 34.8383137°N 120.3977805°W
HI Kauai PHKI 21.8938762°N 159.5524585°W
HI Kohala PHKM 20.1254606°N 155.778054°W
HI Molokai PHMO 21.1327531°N 157.1802807°W
HI South Shore PHWA 19.0950155°N 155.5688846°W
OR Med­ford KMAX 42.0810766°N 122.7173334°W
OR Pendle­ton KPDT 45.6906118°N 118.8529301°W
OR Port­land KRTX 45.7150308°N 122.9650542°W
WA Lan­g­ley Hill KLGX 47.116806°N 124.10625°W
WA Seattle/Tacoma KATX 48.1945614°N 122.4957508°W
WA Spokane KOTX 47.6803744°N 117.6267797°W
AK Bethel PABC 60.791987°N 161.876539°W
AK Fairbanks/Pedro Dome PAPD 65.0351238°N 147.5014222°W
AK Kenai PAHG 60.6156335°N 151.2832296°W
AK King Salmon PAKC 58.6794558°N 156.6293335°W
AK Mid­dle­ton Island PAIH 59.46194°N 146.30111°W
AK Nome PAEC 64.5114973°N 165.2949071°W
AK Sitka/Biorka Island PACG 56.85214°N 135.552417°W
GU Ander­sen AFB PGUA 13.455965°N 144.8111022°E
NA Lajes Field, Azores LPLA 38.73028°N 27.32167°W
NA Kun­san Air Base, S. K. RKJK 35.92417°N 126.62222°E
NA Camp Humphreys, S. K. RKSG 37.207652°N 127.285614°E
NA Kadena Air Base, Japan RODN 26.30194°N 127.90972°E







NOAA National Severe Storms Laboratory

NOAA Radar Operations Center

Phased Array Antennas - Microwaves101.com

National Weather Service – Current Satellite Images

NNW-101-Amazon-1"NO NATURAL WEATHER" is a clearly written simple tutorial about weather modification and much more, designed for newcomers to the concept, but also full of explanations and clarifications that will add to the research of those who are already aware. Start at the beginning and let this narrative take you on a journey from soup to nuts, A to Z.

Share the series with your family and friends! There is no better time than now to educate yourself to what is and has been going on, and the thoughtful guidance provided by this seasoned researcher is the best company you could have on such an alarming journey. For yes, it is alarming to learn that our planet is being altered in ways that it may never recover from.

It is time for us all to voice our collective power, but no one can do so until the actual knowledge has been given and shared. Thank you, WeatherWar101, for your immense contribution!

Sofia Smallstorm - (Excerpt from Foreword)

My Review of WW101 Geoengineering 5-Star-Icon-1-1
By Doug
Jan 02, 2015
A very simple to read and understand version of what has been going on with the unusual weather over the past 50 years.Great job WW101!
Look through your ego to the sky 5-Star-Icon-1-1
By Bruce Nicholas
Dec 18, 2014
This should be required reading for every conscious breathing human. Doubters and denialists should walk outside,tilt their heads upward with eyes open and watch it happen. I did.
Excellent work in geoengeneering for several years 5-Star-Icon-1-1
By R. S.
Nov 15, 2014
WeatherWar101 done very excellent work in geoengeneering for several years. He is the highly reccomended expert at youtube. You can buy blind and never astonished.
As a fan of Weatherwar101 this ebook puts it all 5-Star-Icon-1-1
By Teresa
Aug 26, 2014
As a fan of Weatherwar101 this ebook puts it all together simply and makes me wish it was written so I could show the family who do not use the internet for their information.
An excellent compendium on the subject 5-Star-Icon-1-1
By Iris
Jul 07, 2014
Do you think that understanding what is happening in our sky is too complicated to understand? Then this book will prove you otherwise. WeatherWar101 explains not only what we are witnessing in basic terms, but how an altered climate snug up on us stealthily. Reading 'No Natural Weather: Introduction to Geoengineering 101' gave me a new perspective on why Geoengineering is still so fiercely denied.
This is a great book in the first step to understanding the "How's" 5-Star-Icon-1-1
By Theresa M. Pratt
Jul 03, 2014
WeatherWar101 has been working tirelessly in educating the public regarding our engineered weather. This is a great book in the first step to understanding the "How's" and "Why's" of Geoengineering. Regardless of whether you are a believer or not, condemnation without investigation is the height of ignorance.
Five Stars 5-Star-Icon-1-1
By Kay Ward
Sep 11, 2014
Excellent and informative book, everyone should read this...
Easy to understand book 5-Star-Icon-1-1
By DJ Oct 24, 2014
Well put together, easy to understand book. Should open a few eyes.
Some real TRUTH about Climate Change 5-Star-Icon-1-1
By D. W. Sep 11, 2014
WW101 has dug deep to research what is really going on with our weather today. This book should be read by everyone who desires to know the truth about "climate change".
Finally! 5-Star-Icon-1-1
By Marcy Ruland June 18, 2014
I've known about this truth for years but I have struggled with why the natural systems of cloud & rain formation no longer existed. Why & how was it "broken", for how long & who was responsible? Finally, some clear answers that make sense.
Excellent Work - Could also be named Go-engineering For Dummies 5-Star-Icon-1-1
By Michael June 18, 2014
I have observed, monitored and photographed geo-engineering activities for 7 years now. Myself and many like me are extremely frustrated with the persistent almost daily activities that are quite apparent in the skies across the US and much of the world. The very fact that the Federal, State and Local Governments and the Military are all complicit is maddening. We have witnessed the geo-engineering of highly destructive weather events and weather patterns. Here is one example of photographic evidence of one of my observations of a geo-engineered 40 inch Blizzard that hit Hamden CT http://youtu.be/QNoUW4wb9zU

This book is a must have for the average person who like me is aware that there is something very wrong with what we are observing and need to learn more.

I finally understand what is going on 5-Star-Icon-1-1
By boambria June 17, 2014
I can't wait for the others to come out. this is a must read for anyone trying to make sense of the weather modification process. thank you so much!
No Natural Weather: Introduction to Geoengineering 101 5-Star-Icon-1-1
By D. Hudyman June 12, 2014
This is an excellent book & brilliantly written. WeatherWar101 obviously understands the issues of Geoengineering, and how it affects this planet. It is a great contribution to the truth and reality of what we face. Thank you to Sofia Smallstorm for her contribution.
Man-made-Weather by Geoengineering 5-Star-Icon-1-1
By Boris N Hiesserer June 10, 2014
I highly recommend this well researched E-book, as it is of highest scientific value! Everyone interested in meteorology and especially those who call themselves professionals in this field should get a copy and some know-how of the ongoing planetary geo-engineering operations and it's strategies - such as mixing Chemtrails (aerosol cloud seeding) with Water Vapor Generation (over land and sea) and stimulate the mixture by Nexrad Frequency Control radar technologies. It's the same here in Europe and that 's exactly why WW101's E-book is so important: it helps our planetary citizenship to


GET THE FACTS!!!! MUST READ!!! 5-Star-Icon-1-1
By 1nterloper June 10, 2014
I have been a follower of your work for over a year now and I commend your continuing efforts in educating our peers about this assault on the planet. This eBook educates readers about the facts of what is going on in the skies around the world. Real science, real manipulation, real results. WW101 lays the facts out perfectly time after time and urges the reader to think critically about the reality we live in. An extremely important piece of reading material that will change our understanding of the world we know.
Great Insight into the question: What is going on in our sky? 5-Star-Icon-1-1
By C. Bowman June 10, 2014
Many of us remember the skies without the perpetual haze and the lingering streaks that dissipate into more haze. We remember those days. 'No Natural Weather: Introduction to Geoengineering 101' seeks to provide some answers based on the available evidence and does a terrific job.

Geoengineering has been a weapon of war as far back as the Vietnam war.

In 1977, the former Soviet Union and the United States signed a treaty to limit the use of weather modification. The UN 'Convention on the Prohibition of Military or any other hostile use of Environmental Modification Techniques' was adopted by Resolution 31/72 of the United Nations General Assembly on 10 December 1976 and signed in Geneva May 18, 1977 by a total of 33 countries.

Geoengineering is a reality in our skies. Those trying to deny it's existence are experiencing cognitive dissonance or simply look ridiculous because the evidence speaks to the contrary.

Although some of the information on Geoengineering remains classified, there is abundant evidence that what this is doing to our planet may be perhaps the crime of the century. There is plenty of good information is this E-book to stir up a passionate outcry.

'No Natural Weather:Introduction to Geoengineering 101' is highly recommended.

I found this E-book through the author's YouTube channel WeatherWar101. I could heartily recommend that as well.

Tea Kettles over land masses 5-Star-Icon-1-1
By Rose June 10, 2014

This e-book by WeatherWar101, 'No Natural Weather: Introduction to Geoengineering 101' simplifies what one sees on radar and weather maps. The term 'Tea Kettles over land masses' demonstrate how the combined, sequential pluming effects, are occurring. The Proper Terminology used in the book helps the reader understand what they're seeing, making it easy to explain to others.

The ability for fine tuning weather systems should help to Avoid devastation, not Create it. Hurricane Season in the Northern Hemisphere is now here. Future damaging weather systems in Your Area will be Man Made. WeatherWar101 easily teaches how these storms are built in this e-book, 'No Natural Weather: Introduction to Geoengineering 101'.

Be Aware and Stay Aware. Share this with your older, more mature Children. Our Future.

Excellent Starting Point 5-Star-Icon-1-1
By Henwhisperer June 4, 2014
WeatherWar101 has done an excellent job of outlining the facts surrounding geoengineering. People who are unfamiliar with how our unnatural weather is made, or those just starting to wake up to it, will find the explanations easy to understand.
A Must Read 5-Star-Icon-1-1
By Donald June 2, 2014
We are all witnesses to the ongoing Geo-engineering programs that are taking place around the world. This first eBook in a series explains in simple terms how we got to this point and what you can do to help raise awareness to this ongoing crime against humanity.

I have known Sofia Smallstorm for many years and as evidenced by her inclusion in my documentary “Weather War Big Picture: Geo-Engineering & Bio-Engineering - V.1” and her foreword in my eBook “No Natural Weather: Introduction to Geoengineering 101,” she is a researcher I have great respect and regard for.

Some time ago Sofia wen on Red Ice Radio as well. Her understanding and ability to explain this reality (while doing it in her soothing voice that can make the most disturbing realities palatable somehow) is unequaled. If you want an excellent walk through of the basics of geoengineering and this work, I suggest you start here.

The topic of Chemtrails, like all other aspects of geoengineering, has been intermingled with so much misinformation, that it has largely been turned into a punchline. This is typical for any visible actual truth that they just can’t make people forget about. If they can’t make a topic go away, the next best thing is to distort it with massive amounts of misinformation, that people can’t discern the reality from the deliberately manufactured lunacy. Ultimately this makes the entire topic “suspect,” it gets dismissed as “tinfoil hat” fair, and the followers get dismissed as crazy “conspiracy theorists.” Quite obviously, this is all by design, and is an integral part of the methodology to keep people from ever discovering any real truth.

However, Chemtrails are a very real component of geoengineering. Ironically (but deliberately) deniers claim Chemtrails that stay in the sky (or grow) for hours, or that are visibly and instantly affected by Frequency, are simply “Water Vapor,” while at the same time claiming that hundreds of thousands of gallons a minute vaporized at any one power plant, combined with hundreds of other power plants – is an insignificant amount of Water Vapor that doesn’t affect (or effect) rainfall at all. Confusion and contradiction are tools that are used abundantly in disinformation and reality suppression.

In this video however, you will find the factual evidence and reasons for Chemtrails – all of which can verified. It is very important to separate the reality from the manufactured misdirection.

For a comprehensive breakdown of all major aspects of Geoengineering (Chemtrails, Nexrad, Water Vapor Generation, etc.), and Bioengineering, watch this full length documentary. Sofia Smallstorm is included with presentation on Chemtrails, Morgellons, and Transhumanism.

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